CHESAI Outputs


  • *Amde W.K, Marchal B, Sanders D and Lehmann U.(2019). Determinants of effective organisational capacity training: lessons from a training programme on health workforce development with participants from three African countries. BMC Public Health, 19(1), p.1557.
  • *Assegaai T, Schneider H. (2019). National guidance and district-level practices in the supervision of community health workers in South Africa: a qualitative study. Human Resources for Health, 17.
  • *Assegaai T, Schneider H.(2019). The supervisory relationships of community health workers in primary health care: 9social network analysis of ward-based outreach teams in Ngaka Modiri Molema District, South Africa. BMJ Global Health, 4(6).
  • Beran D, Laing R.O, Kaplan W, Knox R, Sharma A, Wirtz V.J, Frye J, Ewen M.(2019). A perspective on global access to insulin: a descriptive study of the market, trade flows and prices. Diabetic Medicine, 36(6), 726-733.
  • Boydell V, Schaaf M, George A, Brinkerhoff D.W, Van Belle S. and Khosla R. (2019). Building a transformative agenda for accountability in SRHR: lessons learned from SRHR and accountability literatures. Sexual and Reproductive Health Matters, 27(2), pp.64-75.
  • Boyes M.E, Cluver L.D, Meinck F, Casale M, Newnham E. (2019). Mental health in South African adolescents living with HIV: correlates of internalising and externalising symptoms. AIDS Care, 31(1), pp.95-104.
  • Brady L, De Vries S, Gallow R, George A, Gilson L, Louw M, Martin A.W, Shamis, Stuart T. (2019). Paramedics, poetry, and film: health policy and systems research at the intersection of theory, art, and practice. Human Resources for Health, 17(1), p.64.
  • *Cailhol J, Gilson L. and Lehmann U. (2019). A decade of aid coordination in post-conflict Burundi’s health sector. Globalization and health, 15(1), p.25.
  • De Jong M, Collins A and Plüg S. (2019). “To be healthy to me is to be free”: how discourses of freedom are used to construct healthiness among young South African adults. International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being, 14(1), p.1603518.
  • George A.S, Amin A, GarcÍa-Moreno C, Sen G. ( 2019). Gender equality and health: laying the foundations for change. The Lancet, 393(10189), pp.2369-2371.
  • George A, LeFevre A.E, *Jacobs T, *Kinney M, Buse K, Chopra M, Daelmans B, Haakenstad A, Huicho L, Khosla R, Rasanathan K, Sanders D, Singh N.S, Tiffin N, Ved R, Zaidi SA, Schneider H.(2019). Lenses and levels: the why, what and how of measuring health system drivers of women’s, children’s and adolescents’ health with a governance focus. BMJ Global Health, 4(Suppl 4), p.e001316.
  • George A, Olivier J, Glandon D, Kapilashrami A and Gilson L. (2019). Health systems for all in the SDG era: key reflections based on the Liverpool statement for the fifth global symposium on health systems research. Health policy and planning, 34(Supplement_2), pp.ii135-ii138.
  • Hanson K, Rasanathan K and George A. (2019). The State of Health Policy and Systems Research: Reflections From the 2018 5th Global Symposium.Health Policy and Planning, 34(Supp 2), p.ii1-ii3.
  • *Lehmann U, Twum-Danso N.A. and Nyoni, J.(2019). Towards universal health coverage: what are the system requirements for effective large-scale community health worker programmes?. BMJ Global Health, 4(Suppl 9), p.e001046.
  • *Moyo S.A. and Schaay N. (2019). Fathers perceptions and personal experiences of Complementary feeding of children 6 to 23 months in south-western Zimbabwe. World Nutrition, 10(3), pp.51-66.
  • Mpanza NM, Bradley H, Laing R. (2019). Reasons why insured consumers co-pay for medicines at retail pharmacies in Pretoria, South Africa. African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine, 11(1), a1878. DOI:
  • *Mukinda F.K, Van Belle S, George A, Schneider H. (2019). The crowded space of local accountability for maternal, newborn and child health: a case study of the South African health system. Health Policy and Planning.
  • Maleka E.N, Currie P, Schneider H. (2019). Research collaboration on community health worker programmes in low-income countries: an analysis of authorship teams and networks. Global Health Action, 12(1), p.1606570.
  • *Nandi S, Schneider H. (2019). When state-funded health insurance schemes fail to provide financial protection: An in-depth exploration of the experiences of patients from urban slums of Chhattisgarh, India. Global Public Health,
  • *Neethling I, Groenewald P, Schneider H, Bradshaw D. (2019). Trends and inequities in amenable mortality between 1997 and 2012 in South Africa. South African Medical Journal, 109(8), pp.597-604. doi: 10.7196/SAMJ.2019.v109i8.13796
    Nkwanyana N.M, Voce A.S, Mnqayi S.O, Sartorius B, Schneider H. (2019). A health system framework for perinatal care in South African district hospitals: a Delphi technique. BMC Health Services Research, 19(1), p.402.
  • Scott K, George A.S, Ved R.R. (2019). Taking stock of 10 years of published research on the ASHA programme: examining India’s national community health worker programme from a health systems perspective. Health Research Policy and Systems, 17.
  • Schneider, H. (2019). The Governance of National Community Health Worker Programmes in Low- and Middle-Income Countries: An Empirically Based Framework of Governance Principles, Purposes and Tasks. International Journal of Health Policy and Management, 8(1), 18-27. doi: 10.15171/ijhpm.2018.92
  • Schneider H, George A, *Mukinda F and Tabana H. (2019). District governance and improved maternal, neonatal and child health in South Africa: pathways of change. Health Systems & Reform, DOI: 10.1080/23288604.2019.1669943
  • Schneider H, van der Merwe M, Marutla B, Cupido J, Kauchali S. (2019). The whole is more than the sum of the parts: establishing an enabling health system environment for reducing acute child malnutrition in a rural South African district. Health Policy and Planning, 34(6), pp 430–439, doi:10.1093/heapol/czz060
  • Schneider H, Zulu J.M, Mathias K, Cloete K, Hurtig A.K. (2019). The governance of local health systems in the era of Sustainable Development Goals: reflections on collaborative action to address complex health needs in four country contexts. BMJ Global Health, 4(3), p.e001645.doi: 10.1136/ bmjgh-2019-001645
  • Shelley K.D, Frumence G, Mpembeni R, Mwinnyaa G, Joachim J, Killewo J, George A.S. (2019). ‘’Because even the person living with HIV/AIDS might need to make babies.’’ Perspectives on drivers of feasibility and acceptability of an integrated community health worker program in Iringa, Tanzania. International Journal of Health Policy and Management, 8(9), pp 538-549. https://doi. org/10.15171/ijhpm.
  • Teddy, G, Lembani, M, Hwabamungu, B, & Molosiwa, D. (2019). Policy and implementation gap: A multi-country perspective. International Journal of Advanced Research, 7(12), 678-704
  • Tiffin N, George A, LeFevre A.E. (2019). How to use relevant data for maximal benefit with minimal risk: digital health data governance to protect vulnerable populations in low-income and middle-income countries. BMJ Global Health, 4(2), p.e001395.doi: 10.1136/ bmjgh-2019-001395
  • Tumusiime P, Nabyonga-Orem J, Karamagi H, Lehmann U, Elongo T, Nikiema J.B, Kabaniha G and Okeibunor J. (2019). Resilient health systems for attaining universal health coverage. BMJ Global Health, 4(9).
  • Ved R, Scott K, Gupta G, Ummer O, Singh S, Srivastava A, George AS. (2019). How are gender inequalities facing India’s one million ASHAs being addressed? Policy origins and adaptations for the world’s largest all-female community health worker programme.Human Resources for Health, 17.
  • Zulu, JM, Kinsman J, Hurtig A, Michelo C, George A, Schneider, H. (2019). Integrating community health assistant-driven sexual and reproductive health services in the community health system in Nyimba district in Zambia: mapping key actors, points of integration, and conditions shaping the process. Reproductive Health. 16:122. 10.1186/s12978-019-0788-4.


The outputs listed here were produced during the first phase of CHESAI’s work (2012-2016).


  • Kabir Sheikh, Helen Schneider, Irene Agyepong, Uta Lehmann and Lucy Gilson. 2016. Boundary-spanning: reflections on the practices and principles of Global Health. BMJ Global Health, 2(2):112-118.
  • Ermin Erasmus, Uta Lehmann, Irene Agyepong, John Alwar, Don de Savigny, Peter Kamuzora, Tolib Mirzoev, Nonhlanhla Nxumalo, Göran Tomson, Benjamin Uzochukwu and Lucy Gilson. 2016. Strengthening post-graduate educational capacity for health policy and systems research and analysis: the strategy of the Consortium for Health Policy and Systems Analysis in Africa. Health Research Policy and Systems, 14(1).



  • Helen Schneider, Rene English, Hanani Tabana, Thesandree Padayachee and Marsha Orgill. 2014. Whole-system change: case study of factors facilitating early implementation of a primary health care reform in a South African province. BMC Health Services Research 14(609)  
  • Judith Daire and Lucy Gilson. 2014. Does identity shape leadership and management practice? Experiences of PHC facility managers in Cape Town, South Africa. Health Policy and Planning (29):ii82–ii97.
  • Uta Lehmann and Lucy Gilson. 2014. Action learning for health system governance: the reward and challenge of co-production. Health Policy and Planning: 1–7.
  • Vera Scott, Nikki Schaay, Patti Olckers, Nomsa Nqana, Uta Lehmann and Lucy Gilson. 2014. Exploring the nature of governance at the level of implementation for health systems strengthening: the DIALHS experience. Health Policy and Planning 29(Suppl2):ii59–ii70.
  • Woldekidan Kifle Made, David Sanders and Uta Lehmann. 2014. Building capacity to develop an African teaching platform on health workforce development: A collaborative initiative of universities from four sub Saharan countries. Human Resources for Health 12(31)


  • Johann Cailhol, Isabel Craveiro, Tavares Madede, Elsie Makoa, Thubelihle Mathole, Ann Neo Parsons, Luc Van Leemput, Regien Biesma, Ruairi Brugha, Baltazar Chilundo, Uta Lehmann, Gilles Dussault, Wim Van Damme and David Sanders. 2013. Analysis of human resources for health strategies and policies in 5 countries in Sub-Saharan Africa, in response to GFATM and PEPFAR-funded HIV-activities. Globalization and Health 9(52)



For the most recent outputs produced by CHESAI members we suggest you visit the main partner’s websites: The Health Policy and Systems Division, School of Public Health and Family Medicine at the University of Cape Town and the School of Public Health at the University of the Western Cape.


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